Pediatric occupational therapy addresses fine motor skills, visual perception, and cognition through purposeful everyday activities. The areas addressed include hand skills, sensory processing, self-feeding, self-care, social skills, and play/leisure skills.
Pediatric physical therapy supports children and families in meeting the needs of their children in relation to gross motor skills, including move- ment and mobility, strengthening, tone management, balance, and coordination. Physical therapists assist with posture and positioning and assist families with any adaptive equipment that they may need.
Speech-language therapy addresses the communication needs of children. Speech therapists work on what children understand (receptive language), what they have to say (expressive language) and how they say it (articulation/phonology and pragmatics). Speech therapists use a total communication approach – incorporating the use of sign language, picture symbols, and other modes of augmentative communication into therapy.
Early intervention services help young children grow and develop and support their families in caring for them. This rehabilitative therapy for infants and toddlers is “play with a purpose” and is a developmental intervention uniquely designed to enhance cognitive, physical, behavioral, self-help, social-emotional, and language skills.
Feeding therapy, provided by a specially trained speech-language pathologist or occupational therapist, helps infants and children with a wide array of feeding difficulties which may include reduced or limited intake, dysphagia (swallowing difficulties), and oral motor deficits. Addressing feeding problems may be important for preventing or eliminating nutritional concerns, growth concerns including failure to thrive, unsafe swallowing which may lead to aspiration pneumonia, and future poor eating habits/attitudes.